Egypt

Egyptian coinage. Egypt The Arab Republic of Egypt is a transcontinental country mainly in North Africa, but also bordering Southwest Asia, Middle East, and the Mediterranean Basin. The capital and largest city is Cairo and the official language is Arabic. Egypt has been significant in the history of the western world since its establishment around 4000 BCE. Independence from the United Kingdom February 28, 1922; declaration of the Republic June 18, 1953; independence from the United Arab Republic September 28, 1961; the Egyptian revolution January 25, 2011; current contitution March 30, 2011. Monetary system: 1 Piastre = 10 Ochr-el-Guerches, 1 Pound = 100 Piastres (to 1916); 1 Piastre (Guerche) = 10 Milliemes, 1 Pound (Junayh) = 100 Piastres (1916-); 1 Pound = 100 Piastres.