Coinage of Singapore. The Republic of Singapore is an island country in Southeast Asia consisting of 63 islands. The capital city is Singapore. Official languages include English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil. Singapore was founded on February 6, 1819, became self-governing on June 3, 1959, gained independence from the United Kingdom on August 31, 1963, merged with Malaysia on September 16, 1963, and separated from Malaysia on August 9, 1965. Monetary system: 1 Dollar = 100 Cents.